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اطلاعات فیلم آموزشی
آموزش آیلتس ( IELTS ) قسمت 5 : زمان گذشته استمراری
سلام خدمت دوستان عزیز ، امروز قصد داریم در رابطه با زمان گذشته استمراری اطلاعاتی رو در اختیارتون قرار بدم مطلب زیر رو مطالعه کنید و توضیحات کامل رو در ویدئو گوش کنید و هر سوالی داشتید می تونید بپرسید و در سریعترین زمان پاسخ خواهم داد.
(فعل+ing) was/were <right>
You were making a new bed when she came.
Were you making a new bed when she came?
You were not making a new bed when she came.
موارد استفاده از زمان گذشته استمراری
حالت اول: زمانی که یک عمل طولانی در گذشته با یک عمل کوتاه به صورت موقت قطع شود.<right>
He was watching TV when you called.
When the phone rang, she was starting to write her new book.
While we were having dinner, it started to snow.
What were you thinking when you heard about the earthquake?
حالت دوم: قطع شدن عملی در گذشته در زمان مشخصی<right>
Last week at noon, I was sitting in my office.
At midnight, we were still walking through the forest.
A month ago at this time, I was making this chair.
مهم: در زمان گذشته ساده زمان مشخص برای نشان دادن شروع و یا پایان کاری استفاده می شود ولی در گذشته استمراری برای نشان دادن وقفه در عملی در گذشته استفاده می شود.
Last day at 1 PM, I ate lunch.
I started eating at 1 PM.
Last day at 1 PM, I was eating lunch.
I started earlier; and at 1 PM, I was in the process of eating lunch.
حالت سوم: اتفاقات و اعمال موازی. زمانی که دو عمل همزمان در گذشته اتفاق می افتد.<right>
I was reading while she was playing with Andy.
While Ellen was watering the plants, Tim was watching his favorite show.
Were you helping while he was working?
I wasn't paying any money while I was studying at university.
حالت چهارم: استفاده از اعمال موازی برای توصیف جو چیزی در زمان خاصی در گذشته.
When I walked into the party, several of my friends were busily texting,
some were talking on the phones, the host was yelling help, and others were waiting for ambulance.
One of my friends was yelling at the other one and waving his hands.
Others were trying to be helpful in this situation.
حالت پنجم: انجام عملی به صورت تکراری در گذشته
She was always coming to meetings late.
He was constantly babbling. He annoyed everyone.
I didn't like them because they were always listening to laud music.
جایگاه قیدها در جملات زیر مشخص شده است مثال:
You were always singing when he went out.
Were you always singing when he went out?
اشکال مختلف زمان گذشته استمراری
I was singing.
You were singing.
We were singing.
They were singing.
He was singing.
She was singing.
It was singing.
I was not singing.
You were not singing.
We were not singing.
They were not singing.
He was not singing.
She was not singing.
It was not singing.
Was I singing?
Were you singing?
Were we singing?
Were they singing?
Was he singing?
Was she singing?
Was it singing?